Discovering the Power of Oil Painting Through History
Painting in oil colours, a medium consisting of pigments suspended in drying oils.
The outstanding facility with which fusion of tones or colour is achieved makes it unique among fluid painting mediums; at the same time, satisfactory linear treatment and crisp effects are easily obtained.
It is a medium that has a rich history, dating back to the 15th century. The origins of oil painting can be traced back to Northern Europe, where painters began experimenting with new techniques and materials.
During the Renaissance, oil painting became an important medium for the dissemination of knowledge and ideas.
Artists such as Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden, and Hieronymus Bosch, were among the first to use oil paint as a medium for their artworks.
Chiaroscuro and Tenebrism are two very similar techniques used in relation to the treatment of light and dark within a composition.
In graphic arts, the term chiaroscuro refers to a particular technique for making a woodcut print in which effects of light and shade are produced by printing each tone from a different wood block.
The technique was first used in woodcuts in Italy in the 16th century, probably by the printmaker Ugo da Carpi.
Chiaroscuro woodcuts are printed in only one color, brown, gray, green, and sepia being preferred.
Tenebrism, in the history of Western painting, uses extreme contrasts of light and dark in figurative compositions to heighten their dramatic effect.
Chiaroscuro and Tenebrism were developed in the Renaissance, but they remained popular for a long time. In fact, many of the most famous chiaroscuro artists were actually working in the Baroque period, which followed the Renaissance
Impressionism and Post-Impressionism refer to influential artistic movements arising in late 19th-century France. Impressionists rejected the system of state-controlled academies and salons in favor of independent exhibitions, the first of which was held in 1874.
Post-Impressionism is a term used to describe the reaction in the 1880s against Impressionism. It was led by Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, and Georges Seurat.
Both Impressionism and Post-Impressionism include some of the most famous works of modern art such as Monet’s Waterlilies, a Series of Waterscapes, and van Gogh’s Starry Night.
In the mid-19th century, as painters explored new approaches and developed new movements, oil as a medium followed.
New developments in oil paints continued into the 20th century, with the advent of oil paint sticks, which were used by artists like Jean-Michel Basquiat and Anselm Kiefer.
The most influential modern and contemporary art movements and developments of the 20th century include Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Dada, Surrealism etc..
Oil paintings are valued more than other paintings. Even after a hundred years, the picture painted with oils will not lose its value and attractiveness.
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